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A-Level考试中描述高低变化的词有哪些

来源:原创   发布人:学通四老师   发布时间:2018-07-19

  语言对于中国学生来说是A-Level学习中的一个难点,那些关于国家宏观经济数据,或股市大盘分析以及企业股价高低变化的英文描述,经常让人看得头疼。今天,学通国际教育四老师总结了英文经济数据表达的要点,快学习起来吧。

  升、降、高、低描述

  英文词语中关于经济数据下跌的描述有很多种,如fall,drop,be lower,slip等,更为严重的还有plummet和collapse等。

  微跌:slip,drop,down

  例1:Chinese stocks slipped in early trade, with Shanghai stocks dropping 0.7% and Hong Kong's Hang Seng down 1%.

  中国股市在早盘出现微跌。上证指数跌了0.7%,而香港恒生指数跌了1%。

  例2:Shares closed Friday at $74.73, down 0.5% on the day, 28% for the year to date and 20% for the past 52 weeks.

  周五股价报收74.73美元,当日跌幅0.5%,今年迄今为止跌幅28%,过去52周跌幅20%。

  跌幅较大:plummet,collapse

  例:The FTSE fell 1% while the Dow Jones plummeted 250 points and the price of Brent crude dropped to almost $48.5 a barrel, its lowest point this year.

  英国富时指数(FISE)下跌1%,道琼斯指数(Dow Jones)暴跌250点(约至17000点),而布伦特原油价格则跌至每桶48.5美元,创下年内最低。

  达到某一数值,用介词to连接

  例:Japan's Nikkei 225 fell 1.8% to 18,743.83 and Hong Kong's Hang Seng dropped 1.0% to 22,420.89.

  日本产经指数225下跌了1.8%,至18743.83点,香港恒生指数下跌了1%,至22420.89点。

  表达增减的幅度,用介词by连接

  例:After sizzling growth over the last couple of quarters, shares of Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba's(BABA) have fallen by over 16% over the past six months, with investors getting out after the company's most recent quarter.

  中国电商巨头阿里巴巴的股价经历几个季度的高速增长后在过去的六个月内下跌了16%,股民们都在最近一个月内撤资。

  表示增减的具体数字:lose/gain

  例1:The Dow fell for the first time in seven days Tuesday, losing 49 points to 17,081. The S&P 500 lost 13 to 2003. The S&P has rebounded smartly, gaining about 7% since retesting its August low on Sept. 28.

  13日,道琼斯指数七日内首次下跌,收市报17081点,下跌了49点。标普500指数报收2003点,下跌了13点。自9月28日再一次跌至8月低值后,标普指数迅速回升并上涨7%。

  同比描述

  在财经词语中,同比是指与上一自然年度(或财年)的同一时期(如月或季度)相比较而得得出的增长或下降的比率。

  通常,表示同比时,可以用以下表达:

  ▷from the same period last year

  ▷compared to the previous year

  ▷from a year earlier

  ▷year-on-year

  例1:The Hangzhou-based company reported revenue of $3.27 billion for its June quarter, an increase of 28% from the same period last year, down from a 40% year-on-year revenue increase in the previous quarter.

  阿里巴巴第一财季营收32.7亿美元,同比增长28%,较上一季度40%的增长有所下降。

  例2:The company's latest filing with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission reveals that the "average selling price" for the iPhone increased by 11% in 2015 compared to the previous year.

  苹果在向美国证券交易委员会提交的文件中显示,2015年,iPhone 的"平均售价"同比上涨了11%。

  例3:Industrial output in September rose 5.7% from a year earlier, compared with economists’ median estimate of 6%.

  九月,工业产值同比增长5.7%,经济学家预计的中位数为6%。

  连续上涨或下滑

  表示连续性的增长或下降,可以consecutive 或 in a row 以及in a straight months/years。另外,也可以直接用类似 a 17-month low/high的表达方式。

  例1:Food prices fell by 2.5% in the year to September in the wake of continued supermarket price wars. This means that prices in the sector fell for the 15th month in a row.

  由于超市价格战,9月份食品价格下跌2.5%。这意味着食品行业价格连续15个月下滑。

  例2:Spain's economy shrank for a seventh consecutive quarter between January and March as domestic demand slumped.

  由于国内需求暴跌,西班牙经济在第一季度出现连续七个季度的萎缩。

  例3:Today Microsoft announced that for the 25th consecutive month, its Xbox 360 console was the best selling device in its class.

  微软在今天宣布其Xbox 360持续25月在同类产品中实现销售第一。

  例4:Pound weakened against both the euro and the dollar, nearing a 17-month lowagainst the dollar of $1.5188 and slipping 0.2% lower against the euro.

  英磅兑换欧元和美元走弱,美元的汇率接近17个月来的最低,为1:1.5188,与欧元的汇率则下跌了2%。

  峰值和低谷

  在某种趋势(momentum)达到了最高或是最低时,通常用highest或lowest来表示。

  最低点:lowest 或 lowest level

  例1:Meanwhile, petrol prices fell by 3.7p per litre over the year, and diesel prices - at 110.2p per litre - are at their lowest in close to six years. There was also a fall in the price of household gas.

  同时,汽油价格在过去的一年每升下跌3.7便士,柴油价格每升降至110.2便士,均接近六年来最低值。家用天然气价格也出现下跌。

  例2:The Purchasing Managers UK Services PMI slipped to 55.8 in December, down from 58.6 in November, marking its lowest level since May.

  英国服务业PMI指数从(2014年)11月的58.6下跌至12月的55.8,是五月以来最低点。

  最高值/记录:high、the highest或record high/level

  注意下方例句动词搭配

  例1:The stock has shed almost 45% since notching a high of $119.15 back in November.

  与2014年11月接近119.15美元的高点相比,股价暴跌了45%。

  例2:Goldman's shares, which hit their highest since May 2008 on Wednesday, were down 0.3% at $200.53 in afternoon trading amid questions about whether the results were sustainable.

  4月15日上午,高盛的股价涨至自2008年5月以来新高,随后下午降至每股200.53美金(降0.3个百分点),人们纷纷议论这个结果是否维持得下去。

  例3:The Dow Jones Industrial Average surged to a new record level Tuesday, closing well above a peak set before the US economy entered a recession in 2007.

  道琼斯平均工业指数在周二达到新高,收盘时超过美国在2007年进入衰退前的最高指数。

  描述增减常用词汇

  表示增加

  add

  up

  build up

  climb

  come up

  enhance

  gain

  go up

  grow

  increase

  push up

  rise

  表示增长幅度很大

  jump 跃升

  rocket 猛增

  shoot up 猛增

  surge 大幅度上升

  表示减少

  down

  bring down

  come down

  cut

  decline

  descend

  drop

  fall

  do down

  lessen

  lower

  reduce

  retreat

  slide

  slow down

  表示减少的幅度很大

  plummet

  plunge

  collapse

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